In general, open the Draft Constitution of the Russian Federation on page 19 and read Article 67:In paragraph 2, we need to clearly understand what it means to exercise jurisdiction on the continental shelf and in the exclusive economic zone. To do this, we turn to the Federal Laws, which clearly and understandably provide a definition of unfamiliar words. For the continental shelf, 187-FZ of 30.11.1995, as amended on 13.07.2020 is written:You can download the law itself through this QR code below.In general, everything is clear with the continental shelf – it is a maritime territory, but not land. Now let’s deal with the exclusive economic zone. For it was created 191-FZ from 17.12.1998 in the edition of 27.06.2018, and is in force from 01.01.2019 to the present day. What is written in this legislative act:What a fabulous coincidence! It turns out that the continental shelf and the exclusive economic zone are one and the same place in the sea. It turns out that the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation does not apply to the territory on which we all live. By the way, you can download 191-FZ or read it by QR-code below.
What it means to exercise jurisdictionHowever, it’s not all that simple. Let us understand the concept of exercising jurisdiction. Jurisdiction is the power to decide on cases of offenses or violations of any disputes, to recognize any actions as illegal, to impose fines, to establish sanctions. In fact, the RF does not have the power to exercise jurisdiction on the territory of the RSFSR. Why we are talking about the RSFSR I wrote here. It is worth mentioning that there is a law on borders of the Russian Federation dated 01.04.1993 No. 4730-I On the State Border of the Russian Federation. This is what is spelled out there:From all the facts presented, the following two conclusions emerge:
- there is a law on the border of the RF, which is the border of the RSFSR;
- the RF does not have the authority to exercise jurisdiction on land within the borders of the RSFSR
- Does the RF violate its own laws by exercising jurisdiction on land within the borders of the RSFSR?
- If it does not violate it, on what grounds does the RF exercise jurisdiction on the territory of the RSFSR?